The reason for writing this poem
The writer HAZRAT IMAAM SAALIH SHARA-FUD-DEEN ABU ABDULIAH MUHAMMAD BIN HASAN AL-BUSAIRI R.A had become paralysed. His doctors and physicians gave up all hope of his recovery. Eventually in this state of complete helplessness and despair he composed this poem expressing the grandeur and excellence of Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam. Using this as his sole means of asking Allah Ta'alaa to cure him from his illness. He isolated himself in a quiet place one Thursday night and with complete devotion, concentration and sincerity/ began reciting this poem. While reciting it sleep overcame him. He had a vision of Sayyidina. Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam. He told Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam of his illness whereupon Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam passed his blessed hand over Imam Busairi's body. Through the barakat and blessing of Sayyidina, Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam Allah Ta’alaa granted him complete cure from his paralysis. When he awoke he found a scarf or shawl on his body which he had seen Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam place on his paralysed limbs. This resulted in the poem being named "Qasidah Burdah" (The Poem of the Scarf).
In the morning when due to some necessity. he went to the bazaar, a pious dervish greeted him with salaamand requested him to recite the qasidah which he had composed in praise of Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam The poet said that I have composed many poems in praise of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, which one do you wish to hear? The dervish replied: 'The one which begins with, A-min Tazak-kurin (i.e. Qasidah Burdah)". Upon this request the poet became wonder struck and said, "I take an oath that no one knows about this poem. Tell me the truth, from whom did you hear about it?" The dervish replied, "I take an oath by Allah that I heard it from you last night when in a dream you had recited it to Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, whereupon Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam became attentive towards you and because of its blessings Allah Ta'alaa granted you complete cure from your ailment".
When the poet gave this poem to the dervish his secret became known to all the people and its barakat and blessings too became general for all.
When this poem reached Baha-ud-deen the governor of the country named Tahir,he so highly regarded and respected it that he would stand while listening to it.
It is also narrated that Sa'aadud-deen Farouqi, who was a viceroy of Baha-ud-deen, had became blind. In a dream he saw a pious person who told him to take the Qasidah Burdah from Baha-ud-deen and place it on his eyes. In the morning he told Baha-ud-deen about this dream. The Qasidah Burdah was brought and with full sincerity and conviction Sa'aadud-deen placed it on his eyes. Through its barakat Allah Ta'alaa granted him complete cure and restored his eyesight.
The virtues and specialities of Qasidah Burdah
The virtues of Qasidah Burdah are innumerable.
Some of its virtues (and specialities as appear in famous kitabs) are mentioned here:
and loved by the creation of Allah Ta'alaa.
In conclusion we find that for whatever purpose "Qasidah Burdah" is read, In-Shaa-Allah that purpose will be fulfilled, with the precondition that ones earnings and food is halaal. One also becomes constant in eating, sleeping, and talking less. May Allah Ta'alaa through His infinite grace and mercy accept this humble effort, grant us death with Iman, bestow us, our Ma'shaykh, and our families, eternal love for Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam through the blessings of this qasidah. Ameen.
Concerning the love of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam
In this chapter Allamah Busairi R.A. speaks of his love for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. He tries to conceal this love and who his beloved is . For this reason he has not mentioned the name of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, directly in the whole chapter. By mentioning places and things close to Madinah, he alludes to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Due to this excessive love and devotion for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, he has become completely restless, thus exposing this love to everyone.
Concerning restraining lust and carnal desires
In this chapter Allamah Busairi R.A. mentions two reasons for restraining of lust and carnal desires.
Firstly: A person falls in love due to lust and carnal desires. After mentioning love in the first chapter he now mentions restraining lust and carnal desires. He also mentions that his entire life has been spent in sin. He sincerely regrets what he has done and repents to Allah Ta’aala.
Secondly: Restraining lust and carnal desires is essential for gaining love for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. The love which has for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, is a pure love and can only be attained by purifying oneself of lust and carnal desires.
And I did not perform salaat nor did I fast except what was obligatory.
3) Chapter three
Concerning the praises of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasalla
After CLAMING HIS, love in the first chapter, and how to attain it, in the second Allamah Busairi Razi Allah Anhu begins the praises of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. He openly declares his love and shows the great qualities and prefect character of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. While showing his love he also shows the unrestricted and unlimited love which Allah Ta’aala has ability Allamah Busairi Razi Allah Anhu has for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. When Allah Ta’aala has praised the beloved Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, then why should he and all of us also not try to excel in our praises and love for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.
[verses 11- 18 are well known- always being recited, sometimes in jum’ah, also audio in naats, ]
Concerning the birth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam
Allamah Busairi R.A. in this chapter specks of the birth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. In the pervious chapter his praises were mentioned. The blessed day on which Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, was born is a praise worthy event. The birth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, illuminated the entire universe. Some miracles and incidents which took place at the time of birth are mentioned in this chapter. These were signs of the greatness of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam came to remove all difficulties and calamities from the world.
Concerning the blessedness of the invitation (calling towards Islam) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam
concerning the Glory of the Quraan (Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam)
In this chapters Allamah Busairi (R.A.)describes the miracle of the Holy Qur'an. Every miracle of all the other prophets was only temporary and was only witnessed by those who were present at that time. The Holy Qur'an is that ever lasting miracle which is witnessed by all people for all time to come. Allamah Busairi encourages people to recite the Holy Qur'an and act upon its commands.
Allamah Busairi (R.A.) writes this poem in chronological sequence concerning the life and mission of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam. After praising Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam and mentioning his birth he discusses the invitation of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam toward Allah Ta'aala. With the first wahi the prophethood of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam is proclaimed. In this chapter Allamah Busairi speaks of the miraculous journey (Mi'raj) of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam to the seventh heaven. On this journey Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam passed the Sidratual-Muntahaa and was taken to such close proximity to Allah Ta'aala, where no other creation had ever gone or will ever go again. Allaman Busairi shows that Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam superseded every other creation in rank.. From this one can gauge his (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam's) exalted status.
Concerning the Jihad of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam
Up to the time of Mi'raj Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam and the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum were living in Makkah. In the thirteenth year of nubuwwat they were commanded by Allah Ta'aala to make hijrat to Madinah. After establishing an Islamic state in Madinah Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam was given permission to make Jihad against the kuffar. By means of jihad and tabligh, Islam became the dominant religion. Allamah Busairi in this chapter discusses the jihad of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam , as well as his unflinching faith and trust in Allah Ta'aala. He also discusses his unparalleled bravery, heroic feats and spirit of sacrifice for the Deen of Islam by both Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam as well as the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum.
After discussing the life of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam, his perfection and exalted status Allamah Busairi (R.A) in this chapter seeks forgiveness from Allah Ta’aala through the intercession and Waseela (agency) of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam. Allamah Busairi (R.A) says that his life was wasted in sin and disobedience, he regrets his misdeeds and turns towards Allah Ta’aala seeking forgiveness and repentance. He uses this poem as a Waseela (agency) through Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam to gain acceptance in the court of Allah.
After repenting Allamah Busairi (R.A) now takes refuge in his for Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam as a means for his salvation. Due to his sins, he is deserving of Allah’s punishment but wishes and hopes that through the intercession and assistance of Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam he will receive salvation. His only hope is to love Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam and gain his intercession. Allamah Busairi (R.A) ends this poem by conveying Durood and Salaams upon Rasuluallah Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam, his family, Khualafa-e-Rashideen and his Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum. He also concludes with a Du’ah to Allah Ta’aala to forgive him, the reciter and all the people who are a means of propagating this poem. May Allah accept this effort and include us all amongst his pious servants, Ameen.